OFM Franciscans - India

Franciscans History

Most Franciscans are members of Roman Catholic religious orders founded by Saint Francis of Assisi. Besides Roman Catholic communities, there are also Old Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran, ecumenical and Non-denominational Franciscan communities.

The most prominent group is the Order of Friars Minor, commonly called simply the "Franciscans." They seek to follow most directly the manner of life that Saint Francis led. This Order is a mendicant religious order of men tracing their origin to Francis of Assisi. It comprises three separate groups, each considered a religious order in its own right. These are the Observants, most commonly simply called "Franciscan friars," the Capuchins, and the Conventual Franciscans. They all live according to a body of regulations known as "The Rule of St. Francis".

Name

The official Latin name of the Orders of Friars Minor is the Ordo Fratrum Minorum. St. Francis thus referred to his followers as "Fraticelli", meaning "Little Brothers". Franciscan brothers are informally called friars or the Minorites. The modern organization of the Friars Minor now comprises three separate branches: the 'Friars Minor' (OFM); the 'Friars Minor Conventual' (OFM Conv), and the 'Friars Minor Capuchin' (OFM Cap)

The women who comprise the "Second" Order of the movement are most commonly called Poor Clares in English-speaking countries. The order is called the "Order of St. Clare" (O.S.C.).

The Third Order, or Third Order of Penance, has tens of thousands of members, as it includes both men and women, both living in religious communities under the traditional religious vows, as well as those who live regular lives in society, while trying to live the ideals of the movement in their daily lives.

Beginning of the brotherhood

sermon which Francis heard in 1209 on Mt 10:9 made such an impression on him that he decided to devote himself wholly to a life of apostolic poverty. Clad in a rough garment, barefoot, and, after the Evangelical precept, without staff or scrip, he began to preach repentance.

He was soon joined by a prominent fellow townsman, Bernardo di Quintavalle, who contributed all that he had to the work, and by other companions, who are said to have reached the number of eleven within a year. The brothers lived in the deserted lazar-house of Rivo Torto near Assisi; but they spent much of their time traveling through the mountainous districts of Umbria, always cheerful and full of songs, yet making a deep impression on their hearers by their earnest exhortations. Their life was extremely ascetic, though such practices were apparently not prescribed by the first rule which Francis gave them (probably as early as 1209), which seems to have been nothing more than a collection of Scriptural passages emphasizing the duty of poverty.

In spite of some similarities between this principle and some of the fundamental ideas of the followers of Peter Waldo, the brotherhood of Assisi succeeded in gaining the approval of Pope Innocent III.What seems to have impressed first the Bishop of Assisi, Guido, then Cardinal Giovanni di San Paolo and finally Innocent himself, was their utter loyalty to the Church and the clergy. Innocent III was not only the Pope reigning during the life of St. Francis of Assisi, but he was also responsible for helping to construct the Church Francis was being called to rebuild. Innocent III and the Fourth Lateran Council helped maintain the church in Europe. Innocent probably saw in them a possible answer to his desire for an orthodox preaching force to counter heresy. Many legends have clustered around the decisive audience of Francis with the Pope. The realistic account in Matthew Paris, according to which the Pope originally sent the shabby saint off to keep swine, and only recognized his real worth by his ready obedience, has, in spite of its improbability, a certain historical interest, since it shows the natural antipathy of the older Benedictine monasticism to the plebeian mendicant orders. The group was tonsured and Francis was ordained as a deacon, allowing him to read Gospels in the church.

Last years of Francis

Francis had to suffer from the dissensions just alluded to and the transformation which they operated in the originally simple constitution of the brotherhood, making it a regular order under strict supervision from Rome. Exasperated by the demands of running a growing and fractious Order, Francis asked Pope Honorius III for help in 1219. He was assigned Cardinal Ugolino as protector of the order by the Pope. Francis resigned the day-to-day running of the Order into the hands of others but retained the power to shape the Order's legislation, writing a Rule in 1221 which he revised and had approved in 1223. At least after about 1223, the day-to-day running of the Order was in the hands of Brother Elias of Cortona, an able friar who would be elected as leader of the friars a few years after Francis' death (1226) but who aroused much opposition because of his autocratic style of leadership. He planned and built the Basilica of San Francesco d'Assisi in which Saint Francis is buried, a building including the friary Sacro Convento, which still today is the spiritual centre of the order.

ST. FRANCIS OF ASSISI

ST. FRANCIS OF ASSISI

ST. FRANCIS

ST. FRANCIS

FRIARS' BIRTHDAY (January)

Date

Name of the Friars

Events

Year

03

St.Antonine Morton

Austin Francis

Home

Ordination

1970

2004

04

Sandesh Manuel

St.Rudolph D ’ Silva

St. Daniel Sigamony

Birth

Home

Home

1980

2005

2016

06

Thomas M.J.

Carlos Dias

Joseph Stephen M

Shanti Vanam, Raipur

Kurnool Missions

Basil S. Lobo

Birth

Solemn Vows

Birth

Arrival

Foundation

Ordination

1972

1986

1984

1997

2002

2008

07

Christopher (Christy)

Birth

1983

08

St.Ernest Reilly

St.Bernard Silveira

Home

Home

1981

2004

09

St.Anthony Rickards

Francis Arockiasamy

Justin Savio A

Home

Ordination

Birth

1989

2016

1998

10

Francis Xavier

Ordination

2004

11

Jerome Kispotta

Birth

1961

12

Nicholas D' Souza

St.Gerwin van Leeuwen

Ordination

Home

1973

2002

13

Praveen Roshan Toppo

Ordination

2015

15

Francis Kaviyil

St.Francis Serrao

Phyrnai Lyngdoh

Birth

Home

Ordination

1966

1990

2017

16

Prashanth Wilson Fernandes

Jeddu Praveen Chinna Reddy

Joseph Prasanna Kumar

Birth

Ordination

Ordination

1984

2015

2015

17

Nesakkaram – Chennai

Basil Tirkey

Foundation

Ordination

1991

2016

18

Felix Gassam

Felix Vijay

Ejekial Lakra

Birth

Ordination

Birth

1965

2015

1995

19

Albinus Ekka

Birth

1993

20

Tomy Palackal

Ordination

2011

21

Parish at Malom-Noatoli

Erection

1996

22

Prem Kumar D’ Souza

Nathaniel Tirkey

Prem Kumar D’ Souza

Birth

Birth

Ordination

1982

1988

2013

23

St.Peter D’ Souza

Eugene A.

Home

Ordination

1991

2015

24

Tomy Palackal

Arun Junes A.

Kulandaisamy M.

Christopher (Christy)

S.Vows

S.Vows

S.Vows

Ordination

2004

2004

2004

2015

25

Dominic C.J.

Jayapal Dwarakonda

Ordination

Ordination

1992

2013

26

Assisi Sadan - Umred

Blessing

1996

27

Chinnappan M. Devaraj

St.Dunstan Rickards

Roshan Lobo

Shaju Paliyathil

Shaju Paliyathil

Birth

Home

Birth

S.Vows

Ordination

1967

1940

1992

2002

2004

28

TrevorD ’ Souza

Birth

1960

29

Christopher (Christy)

Thomas Kiren A.

Anthony Roobandass A.

Solemn Vows

Birth

Ordination

2013

1993

2011

30

Bryan Carneiro

Ordination

2013

31

Scaria Varanath

Jeddu Praveen Chinna Reddy

Birth

Birth

1949

1985

Date

Name of the Friars

Events

Year

03

+ Antonine Morton

Austin Francis

Home

Ordination

1970

2004

04

Sandesh Manuel

+ Rudolph D ’ Silva

+ Daniel Sigamony

Birth

Home

Home

1980

2005

2016

06

Thomas M.J.

Carlos Dias

Joseph Stephen M

Shanti Vanam, Raipur

Kurnool Missions

Basil S. Lobo

Birth

Solemn Vows

Birth

Arrival

Foundation

Ordination

1972

1986

1984

1997

2002

2008

07

Christopher (Christy)

Birth

1983

08

+ Ernest Reilly

+ Bernard Silveira

Home

Home

1981

2004

09

+ Anthony Rickards

Francis Arockiasamy

Justin Savio A

Home

Ordination

Birth

1989

2016

1998

10

Francis Xavier

Ordination

2004

11

Jerome Kispotta

Birth

1961

12

Nicholas D' Souza

+ Gerwin van Leeuwen

Ordination

Home

1973

2002

13

Praveen Roshan Toppo

Ordination

2015

15

Francis Kaviyil

+ Francis Serrao

Phyrnai Lyngdoh

Birth

Home

Ordination

1966

1990

2017

16

Prashanth Wilson Fernandes

Jeddu Praveen Chinna Reddy

Joseph Prasanna Kumar

Birth

Ordination

Ordination

1984

2015

2015

17

Nesakkaram – Chennai

Basil Tirkey

Foundation

Ordination

1991

2016

18

Felix Gassam

Felix Vijay

Ejekial Lakra

Birth

Ordination

Birth

1965

2015

1995

19

Albinus Ekka

Birth

1993

20

Tomy Palackal

Ordination

2011

21

Parish at Malom-Noatoli

Erection

1996

22

Prem Kumar D’ Souza

Nathaniel Tirkey

Prem Kumar D’ Souza

Birth

Birth

Ordination

1982

1988

2013

23

+ Peter D’ Souza

Eugene A.

Home

Ordination

1991

2015

24

Tomy Palackal

Arun Junes A.

Kulandaisamy M.

Christopher (Christy)

S.Vows

S.Vows

S.Vows

Ordination

2004

2004

2004

2015

25

Dominic C.J.

Jayapal Dwarakonda

Ordination

Ordination

1992

2013

26

Assisi Sadan - Umred

Blessing

1996

27

Chinnappan M. Devaraj

+ Dunstan Rickards

Roshan Lobo

Shaju Paliyathil

Shaju Paliyathil

Birth

Home

Birth

S.Vows

Ordination

1967

1940

1992

2002

2004

28

TrevorD ’ Souza

Birth

1960

29

Christopher (Christy)

Thomas Kiren A.

Anthony Roobandass A.

Solemn Vows

Birth

Ordination

2013

1993

2011

30

Bryan Carneiro

Ordination

2013

31

Scaria Varanath

Jeddu Praveen Chinna Reddy

Birth

Birth

1949

1985