OFM Franciscans - India

Life Of St. Clare

Clare of Assisi (sometimes spelled Clair, Claire, etc.) (July 16, 1194 – August 11, 1253), born Chiara Offreduccio, is an Italian saint and one of the first followers of Saint Francis of Assisi. She founded the Order of Poor Ladies, a monastic religious order for women in the Franciscan tradition, and wrote their Rule of Life—the first monastic rule known to have been written by a woman. Following her death, the order she founded was renamed in her honor as the Order of Saint Clare, commonly referred to today as the Poor Clares.

Biography

Clare was born in Assisi, Italy as the eldest daughter of Favorino Scifi, Count of Sasso-Rosso and his wife Ortolana. Ortolana was a very devout woman who had undertaken pilgrimages to Rome, Santiago de Compostela and the Holy Land. Later on in her life, Ortolana entered Clare's monastery, together with Agnes, Clare's sister. Clare was always devoted to prayer as a child. When she turned 15 her parents wanted her to marry a young and wealhy man but she originally wanted to wait until she was 18. But when she was 18 she had heard Francis's preachings. Those preachings were beginning to change her life. He told her she was a chosen soul from God. Soon on Palm Sunday when people went to grab their palm branches she stayed. On that very night she ran away to go follow Francis. When she got there he cut her hair and dressed her in a black tunic and a thick black veil. Clare was put in the Benedictine nuns near Bastia and was almost pulled by her father for originally he wanted her to marry at age of 15.Clare and her sister Agnes soon moved to the church of San Damiano, which Francis himself had rebuilt. Other women joined them there, and San Damiano became known for its radically austere lifestyle. The women were at first known as the "Poor Ladies".

San Damiano became the focal point for Clare's new religious order, which was known in her lifetime as the "Order of San Damiano." San Damiano was long thought to be the first house of this order, however, recent scholarship strongly suggests that San Damiano actually joined an existing network of women's religious houses organized by Hugolino (who later became Pope Gregory IX). Hugolino wanted San Damiano as part of the order he founded because of the prestige of Clare's monastery. San Damiano emerged as the most important house in the order, and Clare became its undisputed leader. By 1263, just ten years after Clare's death, the order became known as the Order.

Unlike the Franciscan friars, whose members moved around the country to preach, Saint Clare's sisters lived in enclosure, since an itinerant life was hardly conceivable at the time for women. Their life consisted of manual labour and prayer.

For a short period of time the order was directed by Francis himself. Then in 1216, Clare accepted the role of abbess of San Damiano. As abbess, Clare had more authority to lead the order than when she was the prioress, who had to follow the orders of a priest heading the community. Clare defended her order from the attempts of prelates to impose a rule on them that more closely resembled the Rule of St Benedict than Francis' stricter vows. Clare sought to imitate Francis' virtues and way of life so much so that she was sometimes titled alter Franciscus, another Francis.[6] She also played a significant role in encouraging and aiding Francis, whom she saw as a spiritual father figure, and she took care of him during his illnesses at the end of his life, until his death in 1226.

After Francis's death, Clare continued to promote the growth of her order, writing letters to abbesses in other parts of Europe and thwarting every attempt by each successive pope to impose a Rule on her order which watered down the radical commitment to corporate poverty she had originally embraced. She did this despite the fact that she had endured a long period of poor health until her death. Clare's Franciscan theology of joyous poverty in imitation of Christ is evident in the Rule she wrote for her community and in her four letters to Agnes of Prague.

on September 17, 1228 the pope sent her letters because she had filled him with admiration. The letters he sent her were for ways to view her grant.

On August 9, 1253, the Papal bull Solet annuere of Pope Innocent IV confirmed that Clare's Rule would serve as the governing rule for Clare's Order of Poor Ladies. Two days later, on August 11, Clare died at the age of 59. Her remains were interred at the chapel of San Giorgio while a church to hold her remains was being constructed.

ST. FRANCIS OF ASSISI

ST. FRANCIS OF ASSISI

ST. FRANCIS

ST. FRANCIS

FRIARS' BIRTHDAY (January)

Date

Name of the Friars

Events

Year

03

St.Antonine Morton

Austin Francis

Home

Ordination

1970

2004

04

Sandesh Manuel

St.Rudolph D ’ Silva

St. Daniel Sigamony

Birth

Home

Home

1980

2005

2016

06

Thomas M.J.

Carlos Dias

Joseph Stephen M

Shanti Vanam, Raipur

Kurnool Missions

Basil S. Lobo

Birth

Solemn Vows

Birth

Arrival

Foundation

Ordination

1972

1986

1984

1997

2002

2008

07

Christopher (Christy)

Birth

1983

08

St.Ernest Reilly

St.Bernard Silveira

Home

Home

1981

2004

09

St.Anthony Rickards

Francis Arockiasamy

Justin Savio A

Home

Ordination

Birth

1989

2016

1998

10

Francis Xavier

Ordination

2004

11

Jerome Kispotta

Birth

1961

12

Nicholas D' Souza

St.Gerwin van Leeuwen

Ordination

Home

1973

2002

13

Praveen Roshan Toppo

Ordination

2015

15

Francis Kaviyil

St.Francis Serrao

Phyrnai Lyngdoh

Birth

Home

Ordination

1966

1990

2017

16

Prashanth Wilson Fernandes

Jeddu Praveen Chinna Reddy

Joseph Prasanna Kumar

Birth

Ordination

Ordination

1984

2015

2015

17

Nesakkaram – Chennai

Basil Tirkey

Foundation

Ordination

1991

2016

18

Felix Gassam

Felix Vijay

Ejekial Lakra

Birth

Ordination

Birth

1965

2015

1995

19

Albinus Ekka

Birth

1993

20

Tomy Palackal

Ordination

2011

21

Parish at Malom-Noatoli

Erection

1996

22

Prem Kumar D’ Souza

Nathaniel Tirkey

Prem Kumar D’ Souza

Birth

Birth

Ordination

1982

1988

2013

23

St.Peter D’ Souza

Eugene A.

Home

Ordination

1991

2015

24

Tomy Palackal

Arun Junes A.

Kulandaisamy M.

Christopher (Christy)

S.Vows

S.Vows

S.Vows

Ordination

2004

2004

2004

2015

25

Dominic C.J.

Jayapal Dwarakonda

Ordination

Ordination

1992

2013

26

Assisi Sadan - Umred

Blessing

1996

27

Chinnappan M. Devaraj

St.Dunstan Rickards

Roshan Lobo

Shaju Paliyathil

Shaju Paliyathil

Birth

Home

Birth

S.Vows

Ordination

1967

1940

1992

2002

2004

28

TrevorD ’ Souza

Birth

1960

29

Christopher (Christy)

Thomas Kiren A.

Anthony Roobandass A.

Solemn Vows

Birth

Ordination

2013

1993

2011

30

Bryan Carneiro

Ordination

2013

31

Scaria Varanath

Jeddu Praveen Chinna Reddy

Birth

Birth

1949

1985

Date

Name of the Friars

Events

Year

03

+ Antonine Morton

Austin Francis

Home

Ordination

1970

2004

04

Sandesh Manuel

+ Rudolph D ’ Silva

+ Daniel Sigamony

Birth

Home

Home

1980

2005

2016

06

Thomas M.J.

Carlos Dias

Joseph Stephen M

Shanti Vanam, Raipur

Kurnool Missions

Basil S. Lobo

Birth

Solemn Vows

Birth

Arrival

Foundation

Ordination

1972

1986

1984

1997

2002

2008

07

Christopher (Christy)

Birth

1983

08

+ Ernest Reilly

+ Bernard Silveira

Home

Home

1981

2004

09

+ Anthony Rickards

Francis Arockiasamy

Justin Savio A

Home

Ordination

Birth

1989

2016

1998

10

Francis Xavier

Ordination

2004

11

Jerome Kispotta

Birth

1961

12

Nicholas D' Souza

+ Gerwin van Leeuwen

Ordination

Home

1973

2002

13

Praveen Roshan Toppo

Ordination

2015

15

Francis Kaviyil

+ Francis Serrao

Phyrnai Lyngdoh

Birth

Home

Ordination

1966

1990

2017

16

Prashanth Wilson Fernandes

Jeddu Praveen Chinna Reddy

Joseph Prasanna Kumar

Birth

Ordination

Ordination

1984

2015

2015

17

Nesakkaram – Chennai

Basil Tirkey

Foundation

Ordination

1991

2016

18

Felix Gassam

Felix Vijay

Ejekial Lakra

Birth

Ordination

Birth

1965

2015

1995

19

Albinus Ekka

Birth

1993

20

Tomy Palackal

Ordination

2011

21

Parish at Malom-Noatoli

Erection

1996

22

Prem Kumar D’ Souza

Nathaniel Tirkey

Prem Kumar D’ Souza

Birth

Birth

Ordination

1982

1988

2013

23

+ Peter D’ Souza

Eugene A.

Home

Ordination

1991

2015

24

Tomy Palackal

Arun Junes A.

Kulandaisamy M.

Christopher (Christy)

S.Vows

S.Vows

S.Vows

Ordination

2004

2004

2004

2015

25

Dominic C.J.

Jayapal Dwarakonda

Ordination

Ordination

1992

2013

26

Assisi Sadan - Umred

Blessing

1996

27

Chinnappan M. Devaraj

+ Dunstan Rickards

Roshan Lobo

Shaju Paliyathil

Shaju Paliyathil

Birth

Home

Birth

S.Vows

Ordination

1967

1940

1992

2002

2004

28

TrevorD ’ Souza

Birth

1960

29

Christopher (Christy)

Thomas Kiren A.

Anthony Roobandass A.

Solemn Vows

Birth

Ordination

2013

1993

2011

30

Bryan Carneiro

Ordination

2013

31

Scaria Varanath

Jeddu Praveen Chinna Reddy

Birth

Birth

1949

1985